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Rail - Locomotive - Steam - 2-8-4 Berkshire

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Rail - Locomotive - Steam - 2-8-4 Berkshire
Name Locomotive, Steam, 2-8-4 Berkshire
Region North America
Category Rail
Type Locomotive
SubType Steam
Variety 2-8-4 Berkshire
Manufacturer Various (Details)
Era Era II: Late Steam (1901 - 1938)
Source of Text Wikipedia
Text Credit URL Link



History: Under the Whyte notation, a 2-8-4 is a steam locomotive that has one unpowered leading axle, usually in a leading truck, followed by four powered and coupled driving axles, and two unpowered trailing axles, usually mounted in a bogie. This locomotive type is most often referred to as a Berkshire, though the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway used the name Kanawha for their 2-8-4s. In Europe, this wheel arrangement was mostly seen in mainline passenger express locomotives and, in certain countries, in tank locomotives. Locomotives of a 2-8-4 wheel arrangement were used mainly for hauling fast express freight trains on heavy freight service. They often replaced older 2-8-2 Mikados where more power was required. In turn, they were often replaced by even more powerful 2-10-4 Texas type locomotives.

In the USA, the Berkshire type's big boost came in 1934, when the New York, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad (Nickel Plate Road or NKP) received its first 2-8-4s, built to a new design from the Advisory Mechanical Committee (AMC) of the Van Sweringen empire. Under the Van Sweringen umbrella were the Nickel Plate Road, Erie Railroad, Chesapeake and Ohio Railway and Pere Marquette Railway.

From Wikipedia
Read more on American-Rails.com

Railroad/Company: This set of items is comprised of more than one name. Please look at the component items for details on the specific roadnames and/or manufacturers.


Item Links: We found: 1 different collections associated with Rail - Locomotive - Steam - 2-8-4 Berkshire
Item created by: gdm on 2018-12-08 13:38:23. Last edited by Alain LM on 2019-03-17 04:07:24

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