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Warship Class - Saint Louis - Cruiser - Heavy Cruiser

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Warship Class - Saint Louis - Cruiser - Heavy Cruiser
Name Saint Louis
Country France (Details)
Period World War II
Source of Text Wikipedia
Credit Link Link
Type Cruiser
SubType Heavy Cruiser
Preceded By Algérie (Details)
Number Planned 6
Other Nations none
Status Never Built



History: The French Navy (Marine Nationale) created a series of heavy cruiser designs in 1939 to follow the Algérie but free of the limitations imposed on warship construction by the London Naval Treaty and Washington Naval Treaty. This series was designated C5. At the outbreak of Second World War, all ships under construction that could not be finished in the short term were suspended, and their designs reviewed. The C5 design was modified and updated, and tentatively to be named the Saint-Louis. All further design work on the Saint-Louis-class ended with the fall of France in 1940.

Information: A cruiser is a type of warship. Modern cruisers are generally the largest ships in a fleet after aircraft carriers and amphibious assault ships, and can usually perform several roles. The term has been in use for several hundred years, and has had different meanings throughout this period. During the Age of Sail, the term cruising referred to certain kinds of missions—independent scouting, commerce protection, or raiding—fulfilled by a frigate or sloop-of-war, which were the cruising warships of a fleet.

Information: The heavy cruiser was a type of cruiser, a naval warship designed for long range and high speed, armed generally with naval guns of roughly 203 mm (8 inches) in caliber, whose design parameters were dictated by the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 and the London Naval Treaty of 1930. The heavy cruiser is part of a lineage of ship design from 1915 through the early 1950s, although the term "heavy cruiser" only came into formal use in 1930. The heavy cruiser's immediate precursors were the light cruiser designs of the 1900s and 1910s, rather than the armoured cruisers of the years before 1905. When the armoured cruiser was supplanted by the battlecruiser, an intermediate ship type between this and the light cruiser was found to be needed—one larger and more powerful than the light cruisers of a potential enemy but not as large and expensive as the battlecruiser so as to be built in sufficient numbers to protect merchant ships and serve in a number of combat theaters.

History:
France is one of Europe’s largest countries. It is bordered by six countries other nations: Germany, Belgium and Luxembourg to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the southeast and Spain to the southwest. The United Kingdom borders France via the English Channel. The country is considered to be the gateway to Europe as there are several large international airports (two of these can be found in Paris), ferry terminals and the French rail service.

In 486, Frankish tribes unified under Merovingian kingship. In 843, Western Francia was established from the division of the Carolingian Empire. In 1789, the French monarchy was overthrown, and in 1792, the First French Republic was founded. In 1958, the Fifth French Republic was established.


Item Links: We found: 1 different collections associated with Saint Louis - Cruiser - Heavy Cruiser
Item created by: gdm on 2019-04-02 07:54:52

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