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N Scale - Atlas - 2256 - Stock Car, 40 Foot, Cattle - Atlantic Coast Line - 140448

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N Scale - Atlas - 2256 - Stock Car, 40 Foot, Cattle - Atlantic Coast Line - 140448 Image Courtesy of George Irwin


Brand Atlas
Stock Number 2256
Original Retail Price $1.50
Manufacturer Atlas Model Railroad
Image Provider's Website Link
Body Style Atlas Stock Car 40 Foot
Prototype Description Stock Car, 40 Foot, Cattle
Road or Company Name Atlantic Coast Line (Details)
Reporting Marks ACL
Road or Reporting Number 140448
Paint Color(s) Boxcar Red
Print Color(s) White
Coupler Type Rapido Hook
Wheel Type Injection Molded Plastic
Wheel Profile Standard
Ready-to-Run No
Body Material Injection Molded Plastic
Kit Complexity Easy-Build
Kit Material(s) Pre-Colored Injection Molded Plastic
Release Date 1971-01-01
Item Category Rolling Stock (Freight)
Model Type Stock Car
Model Subtype 40 Foot
Model Variety Cattle
Scale 1/160



Model Information: This model was introduced in 1971 in kit form for four different road names. It was produced in Atlas' New Jersey factory and it served to replace the Roco made models that they had started importing in 1967. By 1977, the model was being produced in RTR (Ready-to-Run) form with new product numbers and two new road names. The original model was equipped with Rapido couplers and the ubiquitous Nickel-Silver plated wheels. This release comprised four more road names. In the 1990s, the tooling was moved to China for the more recent releases which sport injection-molded plastic wheels and Accumate couplers.

Prototype Description: 40' stock cars with its steel roof and ends were a common sight in the 1940s and 1950s.

Road Name History:
ACL’s roots go back to the Petersburg Railroad in 1830. By the 1870s, their successors and some affiliated lines began using Atlantic Coast Line as a nickname and through a number of consolidations Atlantic Coast Line became the official name by 1900. Atlantic Coast Line funneled traffic from northern Virginia (and its connections to the northeastern trunk lines via the RF&P) down through the Carolinas, Georgia and into Florida as far as Naples on the Gulf Coast. Acquisitions after the war added routes from Columbia and Spartanburg, South Carolina to the coast and lines linking Atlanta, Birmingham and Montgomery to southern Georgia and Florida.

At that point, the Atlantic Coast Line boasted 5,743 miles of railroad, 629 locomotives, 361 passenger cars, and 31,284 freight cars. To put that into perspective for you western guys, that's four times the size of Western Pacific.

ACL was the premier route for New York to Florida passenger traffic. The ACL's "Champion" left New York on the Pennsy, was handed off to the RF&P from Washington to Richmond, ran on the ACL to Jacksonville, FL and was then handed off to Florida East Coast for the ride to Miami. The "West Coast Champion" skipped the FEC as ACL went all the way to Tampa on Florida's Gulf Coast on its own rails. ACL also forwarded some Chicago to Florida trains via connections. Much of the system was relatively flat, allowing ACL to use 4-6-2’s in fast freight service (one of the few railroads to do this.)

ACL is best known for its purple and silver diesels. This scheme was used on freight, passenger, and switcher power until 1957. By that time, it became clear that these colors were difficult to maintain, so the ACL switched to racing stallion black with yellow “tack.” The Atlantic Coast Line merged with the Seaboard Air Line Railroad in 1967 to form the Seaboard Coast Line.

Brand/Importer Information:
In 1924 Stephan Schaffan, Sr. founded the Atlas Tool Company in Newark, New Jersey. In 1933 his son, Stephan Schaffan, Jr., came to work for his father at the age of sixteen. Steve Jr. built model airplanes as a hobby and frequented a local hobby shop. Being an enterprising young man, he would often ask the owner if there was anything he could do to earn some extra spending money. Tired of listening to his requests, the hobby-store owner threw some model railroad track parts his way and said, "Here, see if you can improve on this".

In those days, railroad modelers had to assemble and build everything from scratch. Steve Jr. created a "switch kit" which sold so well, that the entire family worked on them in the basement at night, while doing business as usual in the machine shop during the day.

Subsequently, Steve Jr. engineered the stapling of rail to fiber track, along with inventing the first practical rail joiner and pre-assembled turnouts and flexible track. All of these products, and more, helped to popularize model railroading and assisted in the creation of a mass-market hobby. The budding entrepreneur quickly outgrew the limitations of a basement and small garage operation. Realizing they could actually make a living selling track and related products, Steve and his father had the first factory built in Hillside, New Jersey at 413 Florence Avenue in 1947. On September 30, 1949, the Atlas Tool Company was officially incorporated as a New Jersey company.

In 1985, Steve was honored posthumously for his inventions by the Model Railroad Industry Association and was inducted into the Model Railroad Industry Hall of Fame in Baltimore, Maryland. In addition, Steve was nominated and entered into the National Model Railroad Association Pioneers of Model Railroading in 1995.

In the early 1990s, the Atlas Tool Company changed its name to Atlas Model Railroad Company, Inc.

Manufacturer Information: 'Atlas Model Railroad' represents the New Jersey manufacturing facility for Atlas brand model railroad products. Atlas also imported European made models in their early years and those items will be noted as having manufacturers set appropriately. In the 1990s Atlas moved all their toolings to China.

Item created by: gdm on 2016-11-16 13:12:53

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