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Rail - Rolling Stock (Freight) - Boxcar - 40 Foot USRA Rebuilt Steel

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Rail - Rolling Stock (Freight) - Boxcar - 40 Foot USRA Rebuilt Steel
Name Boxcar, 40 Foot, USRA Steel Rebuilt
Region North America
Category Rail
Type Rolling Stock (Freight)
SubType Boxcar
Variety 40 Foot USRA Rebuilt Steel
Manufacturer United States Railroad Administration (Details)
Era Era III: 1939 - 1957


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History: By the beginning of WWII, the majority of the classic USRA double-sheathed box cars and their clones were rebuilt with steel sides. More rebuilds followed in the late 1940s and early 1950s. By late 1948, close 14,000 of the original 24,500 USRA double-sheathed cars had been rebuilt with quite a degree of variation including the end, door and underframe. These steel side rebuilds were far more popular than their single-sheathed counterparts.

History:
The United States Railroad Administration (USRA) was the name of the nationalized railroad system of the United States between December 28, 1917, and March 1st, 1920. It was possibly the largest American experiment with nationalization, and was undertaken against a background of war emergency.

On April 6th, 1917, the United States entered World War I, and very soon the nation's railroads proved inadequate to the task of serving the war effort. There were several sources of the problem. Although the carriers had made massive investments in the first years of the 20th century, there remained inadequacies in terminals, trackage, and rolling stock. Inflation struck the American economy, and when in 1906 Congress empowered the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) to set maximum shipping rates, the rail firms had difficulty securing revenue sufficient to keep pace with rising costs. The ICC did allow some increases in rates, however. Also, investors had overexpanded the nation's trackage, so by late 1915 fully one-sixth of the railroad trackage in the country belonged to roads in receivership (bankruptcy). The railroad unions (commonly called "brotherhoods"), desiring shorter working days and better pay, threatened strike action in the second half of 1916. To avert a strike, President Woodrow Wilson secured Congressional passage of the Adamson Act, which set the eight-hour work day as the industry standard. When the Supreme Court ruled the law constitutional, the carriers had no choice but to comply.

Over 100,000 railroad cars and 1,930 steam locomotives were ordered by the USRA at a cost of $380 million, all of new USRA standard designs, which were up-to-date and standardized types, designed to be the best that could be produced to replace outdated equipment.

From Wikipedia


Item Links: We found: 1 different collections associated with Rail - Rolling Stock (Freight) - Boxcar - 40 Foot USRA Rebuilt Steel
Item created by: gdm on 2018-01-24 06:55:46. Last edited by gdm on 2018-01-24 07:08:44

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