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Company History: The Administration des chemins de fer de l'État, or Réseau de l'État (State network), often abbreviated to État or Ouest-État , was an early state-owned railway company that operated in the west of France. The company was established by state order of the Third Republic on 25 May 1878 to take over ten small failing railway companies operating in the area between the rivers Loire and Garonne. On 18 November 1908, the État absorbed the Chemins de fer de l'Ouest (Western railway) and in 1934 took over the Paris-Orléans company's lines in southern Brittany.
The main stations of the Réseau de l'État in Paris were Gare Montparnasse, serving western France and Britanny, and Gare St-Lazare, serving Normandy.
On 1 January 1938, the Réseau de l'État was merged with the other nationalised main railway companies, to form the Société nationale des chemins de fer français (SNCF).
Read more on Wikipedia (in French)
In 486, Frankish tribes unified under Merovingian kingship. In 843, Western Francia was established from the division of the Carolingian Empire. In 1789, the French monarchy was overthrown, and in 1792, the First French Republic was founded. In 1958, the Fifth French Republic was established.
Item created by: Alain LM on 2017-11-02 18:56:56. Last edited by Alain LM on 2017-11-04 14:27:16
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