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Class/Manufacturer History: The Mitsubishi company was established as a shipping firm by Yataro Iwasaki (1834?1885) in 1870. In 1873, its name was changed to Mitsubishi Shokai . The name Mitsubishi consists of two parts: "mitsu" meaning "three" and "hishi" (which becomes "bishi" under rendaku) meaning "water caltrop" (also called "water chestnut"), and hence "rhombus", which is reflected in the company's logo. It is also translated as "three diamonds".
The company bought into coal mining in 1881 by acquiring the Takashima mine and Hashima Island in 1890, using the production to fuel their extensive steamship fleet. They also diversified into shipbuilding, banking, insurance, warehousing, and trade. Later diversification carried the organization into such sectors as paper, steel, glass, electrical equipment, aircraft, oil, and real estate. As Mitsubishi built a broadly based conglomerate, it played a central role in the modernization of Japanese industry.
During the Second World War, Mitsubishi manufactured war aircraft under the direction of Dr. Jiro Horikoshi. The Mitsubishi A6M ("Zero") was a primary Japanese naval veteran in World War II. It was used by Imperial Japanese Navy pilots throughout the war, including in kamikaze attacks during the later stages. Allied pilots were astounded by its maneuverability, and it was very successful in combat until the Allies devised tactics to utilize their advantage in armor and diving speed.
Mitsubishi also produced some of the most ubiquitous light and medium bombers used by the Japanese air force.
Item created by: Lethe on 2015-05-31 17:46:30. Last edited by gdm on 2016-02-08 19:03:39
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